An intraductal papilloma is an example of a benign breast tumor. It usually develop along with degenerative changes of the breast and is commonly seen in women who are over 40 years of age [1, 2]. The breasts are composed of lobules and ducts and they are surrounded by fatty tissues. It is the lobules that yields the milk while the ducts delivers the produced milk to the nipple. An intraductal papilloma is a lump that is similar to a wart that forms in the ducts.
Intraductal Papilloma: Symptoms, Treatments, and Prevention
The name comes from finger-like projections, or papules , which are seen when the cells are looked at under the microscope. Many papillary tumors are benign. These are called papillomas. Even when a biopsy is negative for cancer, the pathologist often needs to look at the whole tumor under the microscope to be sure about the diagnosis. This is why surgery to remove a papilloma is usually recommended, even if it is thought to be benign.
An Overview of Intraductal Papillomas in the Breast
Benign breast conditions can also cause lumps. One of these conditions is intraductal papilloma. An intraductal papilloma is a small, benign tumor that forms in a milk duct in the breast. These tumors are made of gland and fibrous tissue as well as blood vessels.
Papillomas are benign abnormal growths within the milk ducts of the breast, the tubes that connect the glandular breast lobules to the nipple. Women with intraductal papillomas typically experience abnormal nipple discharge, along with pain in the affected breast and the development of a breast lump. Although papillomas are typically not cancerous, they may require treatment to reduce a future risk of developing breast cancer. Most cases of papilloma within the breast are effectively treated with a breast-conserving surgery, reports MedlinePlus. Since these papillomas are usually benign, the tumor has no invasive properties and responds to surgical excision.