Maternal breast milk BM is a complex and unique fluid that evolution adapted to satisfy neonatal needs; in addition to classical nutrients, it contains several bioactive components. BM characteristically shows inter-individual variability, modifying its composition during different phases of lactation. BM composition, determining important consequences on neonatal gut colonization, influences both short and long-term development. Maternal milk can also shape neonatal microbiota, through its glycobiome rich in Lactobacilli spp.
The composition of human milk.
Human Milk Composition: Nutrients and Bioactive Factors
The composition of human milk is the biologic norm for infant nutrition. Human milk also contains many hundreds to thousands of distinct bioactive molecules that protect against infection and inflammation and contribute to immune maturation, organ development, and healthy microbial colonization. Some of these molecules, e. A dynamic, bioactive fluid, human milk changes in composition from colostrum to late lactation, and varies within feeds, diurnally, and between mothers. Feeding infants with expressed human milk is increasing.
Milk 101: Nutrition Facts and Health Effects
There are more than constituents of breast milk known to science. This article describes just a few of them. As laboratory methods become more refined, new constituents are discovered.
The World Health Organisation recommends exclusive breast feeding for the first 6 months and Lactalis Ingredients fully supports this recommendation. For baby, breast milk is the best nutrition, the most adapted to its needs. Before using infant formula instead of breast milk, consumers should first speak to a health care professional. Babies have specific needs throughout their development: nutrients, vitamins, proteins, fats and energy. Human breast milk is able to provide every single component that a baby requires and has the wonderful ability to evolve as the baby grows.