Trigeminal neuralgia is extreme pain and muscle spasms in the face. Attacks of intense, electric shock-like facial pain can occur without warning or be triggered by touching specific areas of the face. Although the exact cause of trigeminal neuralgia is not fully understood, a blood vessel is often found compressing the nerve. Medication, injections, surgery, and radiation may be used to treat the pain. Each treatment offers benefits, but each has limitations.
Trigeminal Neuralgia (Tic Douloureux)
Trigeminal neuralgia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on Sep 17, Trigeminal neuralgia, also known as tic douloureux, is a painful disorder of a nerve in the face called the trigeminal nerve or fifth cranial nerve. There are two trigeminal nerves, one on each side of the face. These nerves are responsible for detecting touch, pain, temperature and pressure sensations in areas of the face between the jaw and forehead. People who have trigeminal neuralgia usually have episodes of sudden, intense, "stabbing" or "shocklike" facial pain.
Facial Tic Disorder
The facial nerve is perhaps the most important nerve system when it comes to function. The facial nerve is responsible for all movement of the face. A damaged nerve at the origin in the brainstem leads to paralysis of the entire left or right side of the face. Find out more about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for facial nerve disorders. While the facial nerve is usually considered a motor movement nerve, it also has sensory components.
Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal nerve, which carries sensation from your face to your brain. If you have trigeminal neuralgia, even mild stimulation of your face — such as from brushing your teeth or putting on makeup — may trigger a jolt of excruciating pain. You may initially experience short, mild attacks.