Parotitis is an inflammation of one or both parotid glands , the major salivary glands located on either side of the face, in humans. The parotid gland is the salivary gland most commonly affected by inflammation. Dehydration: This is a common, non-infectious cause of parotitis. It may occur in elderly or after surgery. Acute bacterial parotitis: is most often caused by a bacterial infection of Staphylococcus aureus but may be caused by any commensal bacteria.
Melkersson Rosenthal Syndrome - NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)
A case of chronic, recurrent and asymptomatic facial swelling in a young male is presented. Swelling extended from lower midface to upper lateral neck and right commissure to anterior massetric border. History, clinical signs and symptoms and examination pointed towards the benign nature of the swelling. Fine-needle aspiration cytology tapered the diagnostic possibilities to a salivary cyst or pseudocyst.
She had no history of urticaria or airways symptoms and denied any similar problems previously. She had no family history of similar illness and was not on any regular medications. There was no history of atopy. Initially, a clinical diagnosis of idiopathic angio-oedema was made. Later on, she also revealed history of intermittent gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain and diarrhoea.
The human face is roughly symmetrical meaning that the vertical half on one side closely matches the other side. It most people it is not a mirror image but very similar. When there is a marked difference between one side of the face compared to the other then it is known as asymmetry.